Battery Bus

High potential in urban public transport is provided by 100% battery-powered, manually operated mass transit systems such as the electric bus, which combine the advantages of successful public transport systems.


Increasing demand of mobility, high noise- and exhaust fumes exposures and fossil resource scarcity require the use of green local public passenger transport solutions in cities.

All around the world e-mobility is in an atmosphere of departure. The demand for sustainable transport systems, which fulfill the requirements of transport operators regarding low infrastructure requirements, good adaptability, and high availability, is significant. Local public transport is qualified for the use of battery operated systems because of the relatively short track lengths, and the frequent station stops. Moreover, contrary to the motorized individual traffic, the own codes and standards can be applied by the transport operators regarding the battery operation of the vehicles.

However, the new intermediary system technologies must meet economic criteria and have to be competitive on a total cost of ownership point of view compared to conventional public passenger transport systems, such as tram or bus.

So called intermediary transport systems, which combine characteristics of buses and typical wheel-rail based systems, are often described as „Bus-Rail“ or „Bus-Tram“ transportation systems. 100 % battery operated, manually driven systems, which combine the advantages of successful public transport systems show the highest potential. They offer the transport capacity and the emission free operation of trams, coupled with the flexibility, low infrastructure requirements and low investment costs of buses.

Battery driven „Bus-Tram“ transportation systems are predestined for powerful passenger transport, e.g. in the form of a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) network configuration because depending on the drive configuration they normally have no emissions and are able to handle high passenger demands thanks to the long vehicles. Furthermore, they can be operated with short headways (2 min) because of their own track.

Some examples of intermediary transport systems like „Bus-Rail“ or „Bus-Tram“are:

  • AutoTram Extra Grand from Goeppel Bus GmbH
  • lighTram from Hess AG
  • ExquiCity from Van Hool N.V.
  • Phileas from VDL Bus & Coach bv